On 10 Junethey started the National Assembly. Many clergy, as well as the Pope, Pius VIdid not like these changes. The anger focused upon the aristocracy, who nonetheless fought against yielding their power or money. On 10 Augustthe members of a revolutionary group called the Paris Commune attacked the Tuileries, where the King and Queen were living.
This group was in charge and was called the Directory. This set the stage for the French Revolution. Many radical left-wing leaders, including Danton and Desmoulins, ran away to England or hid in France.
Many members, especially the nobles, wanted a senate or a second upper house. Though enthusiastic about the recent breakdown of royal power, Parisians grew panicked as rumors of an impending military coup began to circulate.
A second party was the Royalist democrats monarchists which wanted to create a system like the constitutional monarchy of Britain, where the king would still be a part of the government. And the best are the most learned and the most concerned in the maintenance of law and order.
Noting a downward economic spiral in the late s, King Louis XVI brought in a number of financial advisors to review the weakened French treasury.
On 27 Septemberthe constitution came into effect. They agreed to make the king a figurehead, with very little power. This compromise did not sit well with influential radicals like Maximilien de RobespierreCamille Desmoulins and Georges Danton, who began drumming up popular support for a more republican form of government and for the trial of Louis XVI.
It was the first one that did not include the king and gave every man in France a vote. The upper house, the senatehad members and was called the Conseil des Anciens Council of Elders. Under the Constitution ofFrance was a Constitutional Monarchy.
France needed a new government. They took their seats around the scaffold with the tricoteuses, buying wine and biscuits from hawkers while they waited for the show to begin.
By the end of July, the revolution had spread all over France. Simon and Schuster, When the crowd kept throwing stones, Lafayette ordered them to fire at the people. To what extent was the French Revolution a series of unforeseen and unforeseeable accidents?
The lower house, the parliamenthad members. A series of elected legislatures then took control of the government. Now, with very few exceptions, you will find such men only among those who own some property, and are thus attached to the land in which it lies, to the laws which protect it and to the public order which maintains it… You must, therefore, guarantee the political rights of the well-to-do… and [deny] unreserved political rights to men without property, for if such men ever find themselves seated among the legislators, then they will provoke agitations… without fearing their consequences… and in the end precipitate us into those violent convulsions from which we have scarcely yet emerged.
The Convention had both Girondins and radical Jacobins. Why did post-revolutionary France prove so difficult to stabilise?
Even though only a third of the members were there and most of them were Jacobinsthey suspended the King from duty. The King shared his rule with the Legislative Assembly, but had the power to stop veto laws he did not like. Charged with having mutilated her lover, she was herself mutilated, her breasts were cut off, her feet were nailed to the ground and a bonfire was set alight between her spreadeagled legs.
But Robespierre, growing increasingly paranoid about counterrevolutionary influences, embarked upon a Reign of Terror in late —, during which he had more than 15, people executed at the guillotine.
It insisted that all the estates be merged into one national assembly and that each representative had one vote.The French Revolution was a revolution in France from to It led to the end of the monarchy, and to many wars. King Louis XVI was executed in The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November Inhe became Emperor.
BeforeFrance was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church. - Introduction The French Revolution was nothing less than any revolution before or anyone after it: radical change in the institution that was known as the ordinary lifestyle.
What began as a dispute between the people and the monarchy quickly turned into a violent and demandingly rapid movement to change the government that was more representative of the people of France. Years of feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a French society that was ripe for revolt.
Noting a downward economic spiral in the late s, King Louis XVI brought in a number of financial advisors to review the weakened French treasury. We begin this course with an introduction to the French Revolution. We will examine the social and institutional structures of the Old Regime. We will look at the main occupational groups and the roles of the First and Second estates (the.
This book was a fine introduction that gives you a basic history and feel for what happened, but if you want to really understand the French Revolution, you’ll have to dig deeper. Read More: “The Days Of The French Revolution” on Amazon.
Analysis of the French Revolution, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.Download